HIV P24- envelope hybrid antigen (HIV Type 2)

HIV p24-envelope hybrid antigen (HIV Type 2)

E.coli-based expression of  isolated HIV envelope sequences  poses problems : The polypeptide of interest typically exhibits high hydrophobicity and insolubility in aqueous media and a low yield in bacterial expression systems, all of which results  in a poor degree of purity. These difficulties can be circumvented by designing a composite  HIV recombinant polypeptide by which the envelope  gene segment is inserted into the HIV p24 antigen gene sequence and expressed as a single hybrid polypeptide.

Product

HIV p24-envelope hybrid antigen (HIV Type 2)

Cat#

01-2402

Viral variants tend to exhibit significant sequence diversity in their envelope segment, making immunoassays solely dependent on epitopes from this region unreliable. Combining the p24 core antigen with a selected high-impact segment from the envelope would therefore make sense, and our solution is indeed patented technology:

This protein is a 258 amino acid fusion protein, supplied in frozen format and consisting of the Type 1 HIV p24 core polypeptide with a conserved, highly immunoreactive envelope polypeptide sequence derived from HIV-2 envelope inserted at the gene level. The protein  has been designed with a similar strategy as that employed to develop the p24-env (Type 1) antigen described above, but now carries a specific, conserved structure from the HIV Type 2 transmembrane protein. The expressed hybrid molecule has been subjected to extensive purification produces a single band on SDS and is soluble in physiological buffer. The HIV Type 2 p24 env recombinant polypeptide contains no non-HIV related sequences. It has proven highly effective in detecting HIV Type 2 antibodies in sera from individuals infected with this virus. This protein requires judicious application of the purification protocol and is typically obtained in somewhat lower yield than its Type 1 counterpart.

(Purchase of the protein carries an implicit license for its use as a diagnostic source ingredient)

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